Refreshing Self-Reliance Works Cited

Sam Hamilton is an Assistant Professor of English at Bridgewater College with a disciplinary focus on digital and professional writing and pedagogy. His research interests are digital/multimodal composition, research methods, and pedagogy, and 19th and 20th century American/African-American literary and rhetorical traditions. With a historical lens, Hamilton examines the pedagogical connections between distinct movements of self-education in the United States, and he considers potential applications of past practices within contemporary contexts.


Contact: [email protected] 




Works Cited, Consulted, and Considered: Refreshing Self-Reliance

by Samuel Hamilton

published December 2016 (updated March 2018)



Banks, Adam J. Digital Griots: African American Rhetoric in a Multimedia Age. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 2011. Print.

---. Race, Rhetoric, and Technology: Searching for a Higher Ground. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2006. Print.

Bogost, Ian. Alien Phenomenology, or What It’s Like to Be a Thing. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 2012. Print.

Channing, William Ellery. Self-Culture: An Address Introductory to the Franklin Lectures, Delivered at Boston, September 1838. Boston: James Munroe & Co., 1839. Print.

Cremin, Lawrence. American Education: The National Experience, 1783-1876. New York: Harper & Row. 1980. Print.

Derrida, Jacques. “Cogito and the History of Madness.” Writing and Difference. London: Routledge, 2001: 36-76. Print.

Dewey, John. Reconstruction in Philosophy. Boston: Beacon P, 1957. Print.

Emerson, Ralph Waldo. “Self-Reliance.” Essays and English Traits. Vol. V. The Harvard Classics. New York: P.F. Collier & Son, 1909–14;, 2001. Web. 19 Apr. 2014. <>.

---. “The Poet.” Essays and English Traits. Vol. V. The Harvard Classics. New York: P.F. Collier & Son, 1909–14;, 2001. Web. 19 Apr. 2014. <>.

Feyerabend, Paul. Against Method. New York: Verso, 1975. Print.

Graff, Harvey J. The Legacies of Literacy: Continuities and Contradictions in Western Culture and Society. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1987. Print.

Harten, Emily. “Finding Perspective at the Zoo.” Essay written for Seminar in Composition, University of Pittsburgh, 2013. Print.

Heidegger, Martin. Being and Time. Trans. John Macquarrie & Edward Robinson. New York: Harper Collins, 1962. Print.

Holton, Doug. “The Digital Natives/Digital Immigrants Distinction is Dead, Or At Least Dying.” EdTechDev. Wordpress, 19 Mar. 2010. Web. 19 Apr. 2014. <>.

Humboldt, Wilhelm von. Humanist Without Portfolio: An Anthology of the Writings of Wilhelm Von Humboldt. Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1963. Print.

ij64 [Ian James]. “How to Make a Random Text Generator.” Tefltecher. Wordpress, 10 Sept. 2010. Web. 19 Apr. 2014. <>.

James, William. Pragmatism. Amherst, New York: Prometheus, 1991. Print.

Jones, Chris and Binhui Shao. “The Net Generation and Digital Natives: Implications for Higher Education: A Literature Review Commissioned by the Higher Education Academy.” The Open University. 26 June 2011. Web. 19 Apr. 2014. <>.

Kaestle, Carl F. Pillars of the Republic: Common Schools and American Society, 1780-1860. New York: Hill and Wang, 1983. Print.

Locke, John. Some Thoughts Concerning Education. New York: Dover, 2007. Print.

Lysaker, John T. Emerson & Self-Culture. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana UP, 2008. Print.

Meyer, Donald H. The Democratic Enlightenment. New York: Capricorn Books, 1976. Print.

McKenzie, Jamie. “Digital Nativism, Digital Delusions, and Digital Deprivation.” From Now On: The Educational Technology Journal. 17.2 (November 2007): n. pag. Web. 19 Apr. 2014. <>.

Nye, Russel Blaine. The Cultural Life of the New Nation, 1776-1830. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1960. Print.

Ohmann, Richard. “Literacy, Technology, and Monopoly Capital.” College English. 47.7. (Nov. 1985): 675-689. Print.

Paine, Thomas. “Age of Reason.” The Writings of Thomas Paine, Vol. IV. 15 Nov. 2012. Web. 17 May 2016. <>.

Pestalozzi, Johann Heinrich. Leonard & Gertrude. Whitefish: Kessinger, 2004. Print.

Plutarch. “Life of Theseus.” Parallel Lives. Vol. I. Loeb Classical Library, 1914; University of Chicago Online. 10 Apr. 2011. Web. 19 Apr. 2014. <*.html>.

Poster, Carol. “Protagoras.” Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Web. 19 Apr. 2014. <>.

Prensky, Marc. “Digital Native, Digital Immigrants.” On the Horizon. 9.5 (October 2001): n. pag. Web.  19 Apr. 2014. <,%20Digital%20Immigrants%20-%20Part1.pdf>.

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. Emile, or On Education. New York: Basic Books, 1979. Print.

Rudolph, Frederick, ed. Essays on Education in the Early Republic. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 1965. Print.

Schultz, Stanley K. The Culture Factory: Boston Public Schools, 1789-1860. New York: Oxford UP, 1973. Print.

Spiro, Lisa. “Getting Started in the Digital Humanities.” Digital Scholarship in the Humanities: Exploring the Digital Humanities. 14 October 2011. Web. 2 June. 2016. <>.

Ulmer, Greg. Internet Invention: From Literacy to Electracy. New York: Longman, 2003. Print.

Vygotsky, LS. Mind in Society: Development of Higher Psychological Processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1980. Print.

West, Cornel. The American Evasion of Philosophy: A Genealogy of Pragmatism. Madison: U of Wisconsin P, 1989. Print.